Everything You Need to Know About Farmed and Wild Prawns

Prawns are a delicious and nutritious seafood that many people eat worldwide. However, concerns about overfishing and the adverse environmental impact of wild-caught seafood have caused some consumers to turn to farmed prawns as an alternative. But what exactly are farm-raised prawns, and how do they compare to wild prawns? What are some tips for choosing high-quality and safe-to-eat prawns?

What is the Difference Between Shrimp and Prawns?

Shrimp and prawns are both members of the crustacean family, but there are some key differences between the two. Prawns are generally larger and have longer legs than shrimp. Their front claws are also larger and more pronounced than those of shrimp. Prawns also have a slightly sweeter taste than shrimp.

Which is Healthier? Shrimp or Prawns?

Large prawns in a bowl with a lemon edge

Both shrimp and prawns are healthy options. However, they have some slight differences in nutritional content. Prawns are generally higher in protein and lower in fat than shrimp. They also contain more omega-3 fatty acids. Shrimp, on the other hand, contain more selenium and vitamin B12.

Also Read: Is Farm-Raised Shrimp Safe to Eat? Choose the Best Shrimp

Farmed Prawns vs Wild Prawns

Farmed prawns refer to prawns raised in aquaculture farms rather than those caught in the wild. These farms use various techniques to produce prawns in a controlled habitat. While there are some concerns about the sustainability and safety of farmed prawns, there are also many benefits to choosing this option.

What is the difference between farmed and wild prawns?

Farmed prawns are raised in aquaculture farms, while wild prawns are caught in the wild. Farmed prawns are often more consistent in terms of supply and availability in the market. Aquaculture farms help raise these prawns using sustainable and ethical farming practices. Even so, wild prawns may contain higher levels of certain nutrients. They can also provide a more diverse range of flavors.

Farmed prawns have a sweet and mild flavor with a firm and slightly chewy texture. In contrast, wild prawns have a similar taste but may have a slightly more briny flavor due to their natural diet.

Choosing between farmed and wild prawns comes down to personal taste preferences and values. Farmed prawns can be a good choice when sourced responsibly. You should go for wild prawns if you prefer more omega-3 fatty acids and desire a briny flavor.

Benefits of eating farmed prawns vs wild prawns

One of the main benefits of eating farmed prawns is that they utilize sustainable farming practices. Unlike wild-caught prawns that may be overfished, farm-raised prawns are often raised in carefully managed farms that prioritize environmental responsibility. In addition, farmed prawns do not contain contaminants like mercury, which is often present in some wild-caught seafood.

Another benefit of farmed prawns is that their supply is more consistent. On the other hand, the supply of wild prawns may vary depending on migration patterns, weather patterns, and other factors that can make it difficult to predict availability. In this sense, consumers can enjoy a more reliable supply of farmed prawns all year round.

Farmed prawns also appear more cost-effective than wild-caught prawns. This is because aquaculture farms can produce them in larger quantities and with less labor-intensive processes. Therefore, they make them more than to consumers with a range of budgets. The case is different for wild prawns because they cost more and go beyond the budget of most consumers.

Drawbacks of eating farmed prawns vs wild prawns

Despite the many benefits of farmed prawns, they have a few drawbacks. One concern is the potential for environmental damage. Prawn farms can produce large amounts of waste, leading to pollution and damage to nearby ecosystems if not managed carefully.

Another potential drawback is the use of antibiotics, hormones, and other chemicals in some prawn farms. While these practices are not universal, some farms rely on them to prevent disease outbreaks or to promote growth. This can lead to concerns about the safety and quality of the prawns produced on these farms.

Some consumers may also have concerns about the nutritional value of farmed prawns. While farmed prawns are a good source of protein, they may not contain the same levels of omega-3 fatty acids and other nutrients as wild prawns.

How to Choose High-Quality Prawns

It is important to know how to choose the best quality prawns. Here are some tips when shopping for prawns:

1. Check packaging for certifications or labels

Many organizations offer certifications and labels for seafood produced using sustainable and ethical farming practices. In this case, you should check for labels and certifications from the Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) and Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) to ensure that the prawns you buy come from farms that exercise environmental responsibility.

If you want to buy wild prawns, you should look for those with the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification. This label indicates the prawns come from a source certified as sustainable.

You will pay more for certified brands. However, their prawns are quality and safe to eat. Beyond this, they are sustainable and good for the environment.

2. Consider the source of the prawns and the farming practices

Some prawn farms are more environmentally responsible than others. Do some research to find out where the prawns you buy come from and the farming practices used to produce them. Look for farms that emphasize sustainability and ethical practices. You should also avoid farms with a history of pollution or other environmental issues.

3. Check for freshness and quality before buying

Like all seafood, farmed prawns are best when they are fresh. When shopping for prawns, look for firm ones with a shiny exterior and no signs of discoloration or sliminess. If possible, buy prawns kept on ice or refrigerated to ensure maximum freshness.

These tips can help you buy fresh, quality, and delicious prawns produced sustainably on the farm or in the wild.

Cooking tips for prawns


To grill prawns, start by preheating your grill to medium-high heat. Skewer the prawns or place them directly on the grill grates. Grill for 2-3 minutes per side or until the prawns are pink and opaque. To add some extra flavor, brush the prawns with garlic butter or a spicy marinade before grilling.


To bake prawns, preheat your oven to 400°F. Place your prawns on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Drizzle with olive oil and season with salt, pepper, and any other desired seasonings. Bake for 8-10 minutes or until the prawns are pink and well-cooked. For an extra burst of flavor, squeeze some lemon juice over the cooked prawns.


To sauté prawns, heat a tablespoon of olive oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Add the prawns and cook for 2-3 minutes on each side or until the prawns are pink and opaque. Season with salt, pepper, and any other desired seasonings, such as garlic, paprika, or cumin.

Best seasoning and sauce combinations for prawns

Lemon Garlic Butter

Melt butter in a pan, add minced garlic and lemon juice, and cook until fragrant. Drizzle over grilled or baked prawns for a delicious and tangy flavor.

Prawns fried with lemon, garlic, and butter

Spicy Tomato Sauce

Heat up diced tomatoes, garlic, and red pepper flakes in a saucepan. Cook these ingredients for a few minutes and blend them until smooth. Then, pour over sautéed prawns for a spicy kick.

Coconut Curry Sauce

Combine coconut milk, curry powder, turmeric, and salt in a pan. Cook until fragrant, and add the cooked prawns. Then, let them simmer for a few minutes and serve over rice for a delicious and utterly satisfying meal.

You should always ensure you cook to the proper temperature for food safety. These cooking tips and seasoning combinations will help you prepare delicious and healthy prawns.

Bottom Line

If you want to incorporate prawns into your diet, choose quality and sustainably produced ones. You should also ensure you buy prawns that are safe and healthy to eat. Remember also to balance your consumption of prawns with other seafood options. Even as you eat farmed prawns for their cost-effectiveness and ready availability in the market, you should consider trying wild prawns for their unique flavors and potential nutritional benefits.


Are farmed prawns safe to eat?

Yes, farmed prawns are safe to eat. However, you should choose prawns produced using safe and ethical farming practices. In addition, you should check for freshness and quality before buying.

Are farmed prawns sustainable?

It depends on whether production aligns with environmentally responsible farming practices. To know whether the prawns are sustainable, you should check for certifications and labels confirming sustainable and ethical practices. You should also consider the source of these prawns.